Economy – conditions and perspectives
The Pelagonija planning region has a significant role in the creation of a favorable business climate. It is contributing to the increase in domestic and foreign investments and the increase in competitiveness of the total economy through the stimulation of entrepreneurship and innovativeness, as well as advancement of tourism and promotion of the natural and cultural values.
According to the index of economic development, the Pelagonija planning region is at third place in Macedonia, right after the one of Skopje and the Southeastern region. In this region there is an average creation of 13% of the total gross domestic product of Macedonia, while GDP per capita is averagely almost 12% higher than the one of the national economy level. The gross added value per sector notes a growing trend, as on national economic level, so in the Pelagonija planning region.
The most favorable conditions for development of the regional economy are in the agricultural sector, characterized by strong specialization in the production of three main groups of cultures: grains (wheat, barley, corn, beetroot, sunflower) – the Bitola part of Pelagonija is ideal; tobacco present in the Prilep part of Pelagonija, and the one of the type Virginia-dominant in the area of the municipality of Mogila, as well as fruit growing (apples), mostly present in the Resen part.
Each year the fruit growing in Pelagonija notes significant growth, especially in the part of sour cherries, apricots, plums, peaches, walnuts, and most of all apples (the production of 2008 is almost 18% bigger than the one of 2007). In terms of the viniculture, although the fertile area and fertile stubs are decreased compared to 2007, the grape production is still increased for almost 9% in the same comparative period, implying the high quality of the soil. A very big bonus for this region is the low fragmentation of the agricultural areas (lowest on a level of planning regions). 1/5 of the area is bred by the agricultural enterprises. That enables higher intensity of production.
In 2008 a total of 7523 business subjects were established in the Pelagonija region. Most of them are micro, small and medium, measured by the number of personnel. The number of active enterprises according to towns is the following: Bitola- 3295 (6.45% out of the total number in Macedonia), Prilep- 2290 (4.48%), Krusevo- 287 (0.56%), Resen- 405 (0.79%), Demir Hisar- 255 (0.5%).
Carriers of the economic development in the region are the micro and small enterprises (93% out of the total number of business subjects for 2008) whose participation in the total production is 55% and they create 60% out of the total number of jobs. Concentrated mostly in the service sector (80%), they are characterized by exclusively dynamic growth of production of 48% in the period 2003-2006, when their number grew for 24%, and their production for 8%. Trade is a sector characterized by the highest concentration of small and medium enterprises, which notes a standard trend of growth in its’ volume, especially retail trade, measured by the realized trade traffic. Handicraft is also a well-suited sector in the Pelagonija region, expressed by the number of handicraftsmen by towns as followed: Prilep- 111 (3.81% out of the total number in Macedonia), Bitola- 11 (0.38%), Krusevo- 3 (0.3%), Resen- 38 (1.30%).
The investment opportunities in the Pelagonija region are very favorable, as in the total territory of Macedonia, especially in the sectors of agribusiness and food processing, informatics technology, construction, clothing and textile, tobacco and cigarettes, tourism, real estates. The production structure in the region is characterized by 50% domination of industry, followed by services with 39%. For a detailed introduction with the investment favorability in Macedonia you may visit the web site http://www.investinmacedonia.com.